Référence:A diagnostic biomarker profile for fibromyalgia syndrome based on an NMR metabolomics study of selected patients and controls

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En quelques mots
Concerne les maladies : Syndrome fibromyalgique
Étudie les aspects: Symptôme, Outil de diagnostique
A pour fiabilité: Nouvelles données scientifiques
A pour public cible: Chercheurs
Langue: Anglais
Pays:
Étudie les causes: Afrique du Sud
Étudie les symptômes: Acide hippurique, Acide succinique, Acide lactique
Étudie les outils de diagnostic:
Étudie les traitements:
Mention spéciale pour:

Auteurs: Bontle G. Malatji, Helgard Meyer, Shayne Mason, Udo F.H. Engelke, Ron A. Wevers, Mari van Reenen, Carolus J. Reinecke

Publié en: 2017

Lien vers l'article original: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5426044/

Résumé en Français:[modifier le wikicode]

L'étude met en avant une flore intestinale perturbée pour un nombre significatif de patients atteints de syndrome fibromyalgique. En particulier au niveau du dosage des acides hippurique, succinique et lactique.

Abstract en langue originale:[modifier le wikicode]

Background Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic pain syndrome. A plausible pathogenesis of the disease is uncertain and the pursuit of measurable biomarkers for objective identification of affected individuals is a continuing endeavour in FMS research. Our objective was to perform an explorative metabolomics study (1) to elucidate the global urinary metabolite profile of patients suffering from FMS, and (2) to explore the potential of this metabolite information to augment existing medical practice in diagnosing the disease.

Methods We selected patients with a medical history of persistent FMS (n = 18), who described their recent state of the disease through the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) and an in-house clinical questionnaire (IHCQ). Three control groups were used: first-generation family members of the patients (n = 11), age-related individuals without any indications of FMS or related conditions (n = 10), and healthy young (18–22 years) individuals (n = 20). All subjects were female and the biofluid under investigation was urine. Correlation analysis of the FIQR showed the FMS patients represented a well-defined disease group for this metabolomics study. Spectral analyses of urine were conducted using a 500 MHz 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer; data processing and analyses were performed using Matlab, R, SPSS and SAS software.

Results and discussion Unsupervised and supervised multivariate analyses distinguished all three control groups and the FMS patients, and significant increases in metabolites related to the gut microbiome (hippuric, succinic and lactic acids) were observed. We have developed an algorithm for the diagnosis of FMS consisting of three metabolites — succinic acid, taurine and creatine — that have a good level of diagnostic accuracy (Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis — area under the curve 90%) and on the pain and fatigue symptoms for the selected FMS patient group.

Conclusion Our data and comparative analyses indicated an altered metabolic profile of patients with FMS, analytically detectable within their urine. Validation studies may substantiate urinary metabolites to supplement information from medical assessment, tender-point measurements and FIQR questionnaires for an improved objective diagnosis of FMS.